, The prototypes were used to test various adaptions and potential roles for the aircraft. Roe and Company) war ein britischer Flugzeug- und Automobilhersteller mit Stammsitz in Manchester. South African leader Jan Smuts also used a York as his personal transport. Avro Canada CF-105 Arrow. Description. In 1946 a Lancastrian operated by BSAA was the first aircraft to make a scheduled flight from the then-newly opened London Heathrow Airport. Avro 685 York 1942: TRANSPORT, PASSENGER: Virtual Aircraft Museum / United Kingdom / Avro : The York transport aircraft was developed from the Lancaster bomber. 1956 .  Throughout 1944, the majority of Yorks produced were passenger transport aircraft, a batch of both pure freighters and combined passenger/freighter-configured Yorks were also manufactured. One of the prototypes, LV633, Ascalon, was custom-built as the personal transport and flying conference room for Prime Minister Winston Churchill. , In February 1942, Chadwick submitted his drawings to Avro's experimental department. The probable cause of the crash was a navigation error due to the then-unknown effect of the fast-moving jetstream.  On 22 April 1944, the York inaugurated an initial UK-Morocco-Cairo route. The engines feature low fuel burns, low noise levels, and low emissions, making it one of the quietest and greenest aircraft in its class.  Officials had also judged that there was no requirement for large numbers of Yorks at that time. Designated the Avro 689 (also Avro XXI), the Tudor II was designed as a 60-seat passenger aircraft for BOAC, with the fuselage lengthened to 105 ft 7 in (32.18 m) compared to the Tudor I's 79 ft 6 in (24.23 m) and the fuselage increased by 1 ft (0.30 m) to 11 ft (3.4 m) … Aircraft of the Royal Air Force 1939-1945-avro 683 Lancaster CH14380.jpg 800 × 548; 45 KB Avro Avro 691 Lancastrian 3 G-AGWH cn 1280 'Stardust' BSAA (British South American Airways) (15215624954).jpg 1,772 × 875; 132 KB Technical Data The Avro York was a British transport aircraft that was derived from the Second World War Lancaster heavy bomber, and used in both military and civilian roles between 1943 and 1964. Der ursprüngliche Entwurf mit der Bezeichnung HS.146 stammt von Hawker Siddeley aus dem Jahr 1973. , Initial assembly and testing of production Yorks, which were principally destined for service with the Royal Air Force (RAF) at that time, was performed at Ringway, reaching its peak in 1945; these activities later being transferred to facilities in Yeadon, Leeds and Woodford, Cheshire, where work was undertaken at a slower pace. Avro 748 Srs 1 : Initial 44 passenger production version with two 1600 shp Rolls-Royce R.Da.6 Dart Mk 514 engines. All 31 on board were killed. Cruise 485 mph.  Another York, MW102 was fitted out as a "flying office" for the use of the Viceroy of India and C-in-C South East Asia Command, Lord Mountbatten. Development started in 1940 as a low priority project for … The versions of the Tudor are listed below: Avro 688 Tudor 1. All produced passenger variants of the Avro RJ series are available. Powered by four Rolls-Royce Merlin 102, 621 or 623 engines. , Abroad, a single pattern aircraft was completed by Victory Aircraft in Canada; however, no further orders were received. The fuselage was of a semi-monocoque construction, complete with a flush-rivetted skin, and was built in five separate sections. Wingspan:102 ft 0 in (31.09 m) 4.  In military service, the York was used on all of the trunk routes operated by Transport Command, such as the critical England–India route. Configuration 97 (Y) Standard […]  In the midst of an uncertain stage of the Second World War, Britain's aircraft industry was preoccupied by urgent wartime demands, not only to produce military aircraft, but to design increasingly capable models as well. 216 Group RAF; this led to some early Yorks bearing a confusing combination of both civilian registrations and military external markings. In July 1954, MW232 became G-ANTK with Dan Air and it was used for freight work until its retirement in May 1964. The Avro Anson is a British twin-engined, multi-role aircraft built by the aircraft manufacturer Avro.Large numbers of the type served in a variety of roles for the Royal Air Force (RAF), Fleet Air Arm (FAA), Royal Canadian Air Force (RCAF) and numerous other air forces before, during, and after the Second World War. Crew:7: pilot, flight engineer, navigator, bomb aimer/nose gunner, wireless operator, mid-upper and rear gunners 2. Powerplant:4 × Rolls-Royce Merlin XX liquid-cooled V12 engines, 1,280 hp (…  BOAC's Yorks continued to operate freight schedules until November 1957 when the last example was withdrawn. The Avro Type 694 Lincoln is a British four-engined heavy bomber, which first flew on 9 June 1944. 1 Design and development 2 Operational history 2.1 Specials 3 Variants 4 Operators 4.1 Military operators 4.2 Civil operators 5 Survivors 6 Accidents and incidents 7 Specifications (Avro York… The Tudor I was designed by Roy Chadwick using the Merlin engines and wing of the Lincoln married to a new circular cross section fuselage and tailplane. Empty weight:36,457 lb (16,571 kg) 7. The aircraft was a twin-motor, a low-wing, retractable undercarriage monoplane with a tailwheel included. 20 October 1946: An RAF York crashed on takeoff from Dum Dum. Description. Early Avro aircraft have been identified in reference works as Roe I Biplane, Roe I Triplane etc., although these designations do not seem to appear in the contemporay press and are unlikely to have been used by Roe or the fledgling company.  The majority of BOAC's York fleet were fully furnished passenger airliners or as combi passenger-cargo aircraft. Supersonic Interceptor Aircraft Prototype. Moreover, Avro was also obligated to place a high priority on the manufacturing and refinement of the Lancaster. Data fromAvro Aircraft since 1908 1. Member of AVRO/AI(R) RJ family updated and re-engined types of BAe-146-300. While there are no flying examples of the Avro York, there are two complete examples on display. An ideal candidate emerged as the Avro Lancastrian which could easily accommodate the test instrumentation as well as fly on the power of two piston engines if required. Short range regional airliner. Used for testing the Griffon installation for the, Used for testing the civil Merlin 600-series for use in the, This page was last edited on 1 February 2021, at 21:47. The wings featured all-metal hydraulically-actuated split trailing edge flaps and carry the four Rolls-Royce Merlin engines in four underslung nacelles attached to the front wing spar. This was the worst accident involving this type of aircraft.. It also had a telephone, an instrument panel, drinking facilities and an ashtray with room for cigars, a thermos flask, newspapers and books. The Avro Type 688 Tudor was a British piston-engined airliner based on Avro's four-engine Lincoln bomber, itself a descendant of the famous Lancaster heavy bomber, and was Britain's first pressurised airliner.Customers saw the aircraft as little more than a pressurised DC-4 Skymaster, and few orders were forthcoming, important customers preferring to buy US aircraft. The Lancastrian was basically a modified Lancaster bomber without armour or armament and with the gun turrets replaced by streamlined metal fairings, including a new nose section. Lancastrians were used during the Berlin Airlift to transport petrol; 15 aircraft made over 5,000 trips. It was previously preserved at Skyfame (Staverton), Brize Norton and Shawbury. Currently at the RAF Museum Cosford Collection is Avro 685 York C1, TS798 (cn 1223) which was initially intended for the RAF as TS798, but quickly passed to BOAC as G-AGNV and later to Skyways.  Each engine drove a three-bladed constant-speed fully feathering metal propeller, manufactured by de Havilland Hydromatic. Der Name geht zurück auf den Unternehmensgründer, den Flugzeugpionier Sir Edwin Alliott Verdon Roe. , During the Berlin Airlift, RAF Yorks from seven different squadrons flew over 58,000 sorties to provide the city with vital supplies between 1948 and 1949. In service since 1988. However, flight testing found that the York was unsuited to this role, due to the slipstream wash drawing the parachutes towards the fixed tailwheel, posing an entanglement risk. 24 built, 4 by HAL: HS748 Srs 1A: Srs 1 modified with engines and undercarriage as the Srs 2A aircraft. 26 May 1955: An Associated Airways York was damaged beyond repair after hitting an obstacle on takeoff from Edmonton Municipal Airport, Canada.  In total, in excess of 1,000,000 tons was carried by the York fleet; the type had borne close to half of the British contribution, alongside other aircraft such as the Douglas Dakota and Handley Page Hastings. Within five months, the company refined the design and had quickly assembled an initial prototype. In May 1986, the aircraft was dismantled and on 23 May made its journey to Duxford on seven low-loaders. Short range regional airliner.  By the end of 1943, only the four prototypes and three production aircraft had been manufactured, but production was scheduled to rise to three aircraft per month throughout 1944. Victory had tooled up for the manufacture of 30 aircraft and had built parts for five aircraft, but, ultimately, only one would be completed around the time that the war came to an end. Max. The 146-200 based Avro RJ85 was the first member of the new family to fly, on March 23 1992. The Lancaster was named after Lancaster, Lancashire; a Lancastrian is an inhabitant of Lancashire. Avro proceeded with the design of a new four-engined transport based on its Lancaster under the "Type 685" designation. In 1945, deliveries commenced of 30 British-built Lancastrians for BOAC. Ausgangspunkt war eine Entwurfsstudie aus dem Jahr 1953. AVRO RJ100 Jota Aviation’s Avro RJ100 in 97 economy configuration is ideal for larger groups travelling together. On 5 July 1942, the York prototype, LV626, conducted its maiden flight from Ringway Airport, Manchester. 29 December 1945: An RAF York crashed and was destroyed by fire near New Milton, Hampshire, England. The "specials" were powered by Packard-built Merlin 38 engines and featured a lengthened, streamlined nose and tail cone.  The largest York operator out of the independents was Skyways. High-Altitude Long-Range Heavy Bomber. Used for afterburner research and later development and certification of the Ghost 50 for the Comet 1 a. The Avro Tudor was designed to specification 29/43, a commercial adaptation of the Lincoln bomber, prior to this civilian transport aircraft development had been ceded to the United States. On a demonstration flight on 23 April 1945, G-AGLF flew 13,500 mi (21,700 km) from England to Auckland, New Zealand in three days, 14 hours at an average speed of 220 mph (354 km/h). Consequently, as passengers are bulky but low in weight, it was not suited to carry large numbers of passengers, but was suitable for mail and a small number of VIP passengers. BAe 146-300 salon is equipped with good sound insulation, lighting and more non-straight shelves for hand luggage. With the advent of gas turbine engines there emerged a need to test the new engines in a controlled flight environment in well instrumented installations. 4.  Emergency exits were present in the ceiling of each cabin. 20 November 1946: An RAF York crashed in the desert south of Helwan, Egypt. , In a typical passenger configuration, the York could accommodate a 21-seat three-abreast arrangement split between the fore and aft cabins. PASSENGER: Virtual Aircraft Museum / Canada / Avro Canada : One of the first tasks of the new Canadian company, following formation of Avro Aircraft Ltd, was the origination in 1946 of the design for a 50-seat medium-range civil transport. Passengers were subjected to very noisy conditions due to the aircraft's engines, but from a pilot's perspective, the York was reasonably pleasant to fly. (Four conversions from Srs 1) … The wreckage was found by a villager in June 1945. The biggest member of the family, the 146-300 based RJ100, first flew on May 13 1992. Durch die Wirtschaftskrise Mitte der 1970er Jahre schwanden die Marktchancen für das geplante Zubringerflugzeug, so dass die Entwicklung zunächst verschoben wurde. Overall, 208 Yorks were manufactured for the RAF. The original prototype first flew in July 1942. Ascalon was to be fitted with a special pressurised "egg" so that VIP passengers could be carried without their having to use an oxygen mask. Due to the importance of Lancaster production, York output proceeded at a slow pace until 1944, after which a higher priority was placed upon transport aircraft. The modification of abundant military aircraft into desperately needed civil transports was common in the United Kingdom in the immediate postwar period: the Handley Page Halton was a similar conversion of the Halifax heavy bomber. 18 March 1947: An RAF York crashed and burnt out near Negombo Town after departure from Negombo, 13 April 1947: British South American Airways York, 1 July 1947: An RAF York crashed after overshooting at, 17 November 1947: An RAF York crashed after overshooting at, 16 February 1948: An RAF York was damaged beyond repair during a landing at, 19 September 1948: An RAF York crashed on takeoff from, 5 January 1949: British South American Airways York, 15 March 1949: A Skyways York crashed on approach to, 26 June 1954: A Skyways York crashed landed at. Developed from the Avro Lancaster, the first Lincoln variants were initially known as the Lancaster IV and V; these were renamed Lincoln I and II.It was the last piston-engined bomber operated by the Royal Air … BAe 146-300 - the longest flight in the line, the maximum capacity of 128 passengers. Die Avro Canada CF-105 Arrow war ein Deltaflügel-Abfangjäger des kanadischen Herstellers Avro Aircraft (Canada). Total of 71 aircraft were built. Summit Air Avro RJ85 Passenger Jet Take-Off from Gravel Runway The so-called ‘Jumbolino’ aircraft have been flown to Norwich Airport (IATA: NWI) in the United Kingdom for storage or scrapping. The type formed the basis for the successful Avro Anson, although only two 652 were made. Maritime Patrol Aircraft, MPA) aus britischer Produktion, benannt nach dem Polarforscher Ernest Shackleton.Sie basierte auf der Avro Lincoln, wurde von 1951 bis 1991 eingesetzt und durch die British Aerospace Nimrod abgelöst.. Total of 71 aircraft were built.  This aircraft would later be purchased by Skyways Ltd., The Avro York was a high-wing cantilever monoplane, using an all-metal construction, with many similarities to the Lancaster from which it was derived. The Avro Canada C102 Jetliner was a Canadian prototype medium-range turbojet-powered jet airliner built by Avro Canada in 1949. The Lancastrian was basically a modified Lancaster bomber without armour or armament and with the gun turrets … What is surprising is that such a fine aircraft should have resulted from Avro’s desperate attempts to remedy the defects of its earlier unsuccessful Manchester bomber. , In 1954, the French Aéronavale procured five Yorks from the British Air Ministry and operated the type at Le Bourget for around a year. The Lancaster was named after Lancaster, Lancashire; a Lancastrian is an inhabitant of Lancashire. The Avro 691 Lancastrian was a Canadian and British passenger and mail transport aircraft of the 1940s and 1950s developed from the Avro Lancaster heavy bomber. It also served with the RAF; RAF Lancaster I serial number PD328, was converted to a Lancastrian and renamed Aries, as well as serving with Qantas and Flota Aérea Mercante Argentina. Registration G-JOTS. Our 31 inch seat pitch provides comfort and space so that passengers can relax.  Other airlines also adopted the type, such as its use by British South American Airways (BSAAC) on their routes to the Caribbean and South America, prior to their merger into BOAC in September 1949..  During the 1950s, numerous military contracts were issued to civilian York operators. It was beaten to the air by only 13 days by the de Havilland Comet, thereby becoming the second jet airliner in the world. Passenger Airliner. Die Avro 696 Shackleton war ein viermotoriges Seefernaufklärungsflugzeug (engl. Range 1500 nm takeoff weight:72,000 lb (32,727 kg) with 22,000 (10,000 kg) bomb 9. 25 May 1958: A Dan-Air York crashed at Guragon, Bridgeman, Leonard. The main entrance door was set between the two cabins, along with cloakrooms and lavatory, and a kitchen and baggage hold was located at the rear of the cabin. The Avro York was a British transport aircraft that was derived from the Second World War Lancaster heavy bomber, and used in both military and civilian roles between 1943 and 1964. Eighteen Avro 748 Series 1 aircraft were produced; during April 1962, the first production aircraft were delivered to launch customer Skyways Coach-Air Limited. Wing area:1,297 sq ft (120.5 m²) 6. Saved by Tim Clark. The wings used a two-spar structure, which housed seven internal fuel tanks between the spars, containing 2,478 imperial gallons (11,270 l; 2,976 US gal). The Avro York had 87 hull-loss accidents or incidents with the following list of accidents involving fatalities and major hull-losses. The 146-200 based Avro RJ85 was the first member of … These Lancastrians were used by TCA on its Montreal–Prestwick route.. In response to the prototype's favourable performance during trials, the Air Ministry issued an order for three more prototypes of various configurations to be built along with an initial production batch under Specification C.1/42, part of Operational Requirement OR.113 for a new transport aircraft. 11 April 1946: An RAF York crashed and burned on takeoff from, 7 September 1946: A British South American Airways York, 6 October 1946: An RAF York crashed in the. On 2 August 1947 Lancastrian G-AGWH Star Dust of British South American Airways was lost in the Andes, whilst en route from Buenos Aires, Argentina, to Santiago, Chile. Air Chief Marshal Sir Trafford Leigh-Mallory was killed on 14 November 1944, while flying to his new posting in Ceylon to take command of Allied air operations in the Pacific, when York MW126 struck a ridge in the French Alps in a blizzard, 30 miles (48 km) south of Grenoble, France. 1958. Testing the Engines and takeoff-boost system proposed for the. Listing of all aircraft designed, developed or produced by Avro. Die CF-105 war in der Lage, eine Geschwindigkeit von Mach 2 in 50.000 Fuß (15.000 Meter) Höhe zu erreichen. It joined the fleet of Allied aircraft engaged in the Berlin Airlift and in May 1947, the York moved to 511 Squadron at Lyneham, where it served until May 1950 when it was used by Fairey Aviation for flight refuelling research. The two aircraft also substantially differed in external appearance. Our aircraft is available for large group charters as well as for ACMI solutions. Stretched development of BAe-146-200 / RJ85. 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