The workers immediately formed soviets again as in 1905, and peasants began to take action against the landlords, slowly at first, but soon ramping up. They both, however, resulted in major governmental reform. Turning now to the October Revolution, the role of women is somewhat different, but also very significant. Mainly through the efforts of Leon Trotsky, an aid to the Bolshevik party, their takeover was a meticulously organized plan to target and take over various points in Petrograd such as railroad stations, banks, telephone service areas, and places of media production. Skip Navigation. ... And what are the similarities between the october revolution and the February revolution? The February 1917 revolution produced a democratic, republican government, with a, defacto, seperation of powers between the Duma (Russia's elected parliament created after the revolution of 1905) and the Soviets, workers councils also formed during 1905 and later, which until 1917 had no real political power. Within the Winter Palace, “Bolshevik besiegers slipped through gates and windows, climbed over walls, and sneaked through underground basements and corridors” (Thompson 129) in order to avoid the guard forces. Conflict between Bolsheviks and the Government: Regular conflicts between Bolsheviks and the government weakened the government. Aurel Dan from Bucharest, Romania on July 26, 2014: Ok, let's face some truth that the history in the books does not reveal to us: - Lenin and Trotsky, the leaders of the Bolshevik movement were prepared few month to New York, before to organize the Revolution. The Russian Revolution. The February Revolution happened before the October Revolution. Only two units were defending the Palace. What is the difference between the February revolution and the October revolution? Women in October were amongst the last to defend the Provisional Government's headquarters from Lenin's coup, the other soldiers having either defected or deserted. A Soviet depiction of the tsar surrendering the crown. Thompson, John M. Revolutionary Russia, 1917. Morover, they did all their best to restrain an opposition of the "whites" after the defeat. The Russian Revolution. The tension caused by food shortages and other hardships of the particularly harsh winter were felt by everyone, “especially the women who had to wait in line for hours in the bitter cold, sometimes to find that there was no food to be had” (Curtiss 29). How far do you agree with this verdict? The conflict between the "diarchy" became obvious, and ultimately the regime and the dual power formed between the Petrograd Soviet and the Provisional Government, instigated by the February Revolution, was overthrown by the Bolsheviks in the October Revolution. The February Revolution was followed in the same year by the October Revolution, bringing Bolshevik rule and a change in Russia's social structure, and paving the way for the USSR. Russian Revolution, two revolutions in 1917, the first of which, in February (March, New Style), overthrew the imperial government and the second of which, in October (November), placed the Bolsheviks in power. List two differences between the capitalist and socialist ideas of private property. New York: The Free Press, 1979. Why was Luther able to challenge the Church so successfully. Write three similarities between February and October revolution ? Within hours, the Provisional Government had been deposed and its members had either fled or been arrested. Actually, the February Revolution of 1917 was the materialization of the dictatorship of the proletariat and peasantry, interwoven in a peculiar way with the dictatorship of the bourgeoisie. New York: Oxford University Press, 1982. It is also noteworthy to mention a political comparison between the two revolutions. The streets remained calm, and citizens continued to go about their everyday business” (Fitzpatrick 56-57). - looking carefuly how the communism (bolshevism) begun, developed and ended up, we realise that it was an experiment, an anti-thesis to the capitalism system. Russian Revolution, two revolutions in 1917, the first of which, in February (March, New Style), overthrew the imperial government and the second of which, in October (November), placed the Bolsheviks in power, leading to the creation of the Soviet Union. Then in October, a second Russian Revolution placed the Bolsheviks as the leaders of Russia, resulting in the creation of the world's first communist country. French Revolution and Russian Revolution show enormous differences between them when it comes to their results and the way they operated. The Russian revolution took place in 1917 during the World War 1. NCERT Solutions for Social Science Chapter 2 – Socialism in Europe and the Russian Revolution Page 28 Activity 1. One story that might add some flavor to your article: When the Bolsheviks stormed the Winter Palace (which was triggered by a blank shot from the Cruiser Aurora), they did not sneak in. The February Revolution marked the end of the Romanov autocracy, which had been established for hundreds of years prior to the revolution. New York: Alfred A. Knopf, Inc., 1990. As a result of being outnumbered, these defending women fell as the Bolshevik revolutionaries took the Winter Palace, and in effect, overthrew the Provisional Government. February was the culmination of various tensions among the masses, while October came about from a concentrated and organized political effort. 2.both revolutions were against Russian empire. Tension among the people accumulated as the months leading to February 25 “had been a continuous battle to make ends meet in the face of rising prices and to find enough fuel and food to keep from freezing and starving” (Thompson 18). Another key difference was the base of support for each revolution. One can easily assume that frustration was greatest among women under these conditions, which mixed dangerously with the numbers of them that had accumulated while waiting for bread at various bakeries throughout Petrograd. To put it simply, February was a liberal revolution (if such a concept is possible) whereas October was a socialist revolution. Write three similarities between February and October revolution ? Gratitude in the workplace: How gratitude can improve your well-being and relationships For 303 years the Russian Tsar came from the House of Romanov. A drunk man fell from a balcony. The February Revolution had dramatically increased the already high rate of … The Bolshevik army took advantage of Russian’s military situation in … shivanya26 shivanya26 1.both revolutions were held in Russia . Contrary to Soviet propoganda, there was no broadbase of support for the October Revolution. In October, it was a small force of women who allowed the final stage of the revolution to take effect as they were outnumbered by revolutionaries. Add your answer and earn points. Lenin had learnt a great deal from the previous revolutions - the 1905 and the February. February was the culmination of various tensions among the masses, while October came about from a concentrated and organized political effort. The indirect causes of the 1905 Revolution laid in the social, political, agrarian, and industrial developments that marked the preceding century. By 1917 the bond between… The Russian Revolutions of 1917. - the Western countries, including USA, supported in many ways the Bolsheviks in their fights against the whites. By October a new government was founded led by the Bolsheviks. While the Provisional Government had appointed several different forces to protect against the Bolshevik revolutionaries in Petrograd; the inukers, Cossacks, and miscellaneous others, “the most reliable troops the government had on hand were the recently recruited Women’s Battalion” (Halliday 114). The differences between the February revolution and October revolution were 1. It was of gr8 help. Although the February Revolution began on March 8 according to our calendar, it was February 23 on the Russian (Julian) calendar. It was Lenin and a group of his supporters (including Stalin and Trosky) grabbing power from a provisional government who had lost control of the army following the Kornilov affair (google it). Lenin also implemented War Communism and started the Cheka, a secret police who killed at least 12,000 people between 1917 and 1922. The crowds ended up turning on the police, killing many and burning down police stations. Im diving into the intricacies of the Russian revolution, and I gathered that the monarchy was abolished in the former, but the soviets were able assert full state control in the latter. If this is not the case, you might find this answer unsatisfactory. The armed seizure of power was organised and conducted by the Bolsheviks, acting the name of Russias Soviets. 2. Great use of Thompson's work (his books serve as great textbooks for Russian History classes). First, what each revolution produced The February 1917 revolution produced a democratic, republican government, with a, defacto, seperation of powers between the Duma (Russia's elected parliament created after the revolution of 1905) and the Soviets, workers councils also formed during 1905 and later, which until 1917 had no real political power. 2.both revolutions were against Russian empire. Prior to discussion on this topic, it is first necessary to clarify an issue regarding calendar use. The February Revolution was on. Woman played a major role in both revolutions. In February Tsar Nicholas II was overthrown and a liberal democratic government came to power. Take note that the February and October Revolutions actually took place on the eighth of March and the seventh of November respectively in 1917 according to the calendar currently in standard global use. The October revolution 1917 marked a political change in Russia. The Revolutions of February and of October differ in many ways, but one can also note various parallels between them. In October, that government was overthrown by an extreme socialist party that later became the Communist Party. Lenin's government shut down the Russian Constiuent Assembly after it had met for only a few hours, ending any hopes of parliamentary democracy in Russia for another 70 years. For Higher History, learn how a weak Provisional Government, economic and social problems and growing Bolshevik support led to the October Revolution. Sometimes the Bolshevik Revolution is referred to as the October Revolution. Any way thank u sooooo much. Malabar: Krieger Publishing Company, 1957. The Mir system was unjust and backward, causing the farmers great grief by requiring them to make installment payments to the government, in additi… the same will happen later in Romania, for example. It is evident that they were indeed the most reliable because the Cossacks, inukers, and many others abandoned the Winter Palace, which was the final standing structure not yet taken by the Bolsheviks, leaving only the Women’s Battalion and a some young cadets to defend the Palace. Often major historical events come about because of a combination of long-term and short-term causes. shivanya26 shivanya26 1.both revolutions were held in Russia . So the main difference between this two revolutions was that February one was a conflict of “Left-wing Democracy vs. Monarchy” while October one was a conflict of “Left-wing Democracy vs. the first was a corp of cadets still in school who quickly fled their posts and valiantly laid siege to the wine cellar. What is the difference between the February revolution and the October revolution? The first difference is that the February Revolution was more of a spontaneous riot of the people rather than a revolution, while the October Revolution was an actual overthrow of the government led by Vladimir Lenin. There were four Russian Revolutions. It is apparent from this that women played the greatest role in the beginning stages of the February Revolution, the groundbreakers so to speak. Russian Revolution, two revolutions in 1917, the first of which, in February (March, New Style), overthrew the imperial government and the second of which, in October (November), placed the Bolsheviks in power. 1 See answer shibanidash3523 is waiting for your help. The main aim of the Provisional government was to hold elections to Russia's first powerful parliament, the Constiuent Assembly. In 1917, two revolutions completely changed the fabric of Russia. Actually, the February Revolution of 1917 was the materialization of the dictatorship of the proletariat and peasantry, interwoven in a peculiar way with the dictatorship of the bourgeoisie. The aborted Bolshevik takeover in July of that year had taught him the need to act swiftly and what targets to attack. Mass defections and rioting in the streets rendered the Tsar's position untenable and he was forced to abidcate in favour of his brother, who also wisely refused the job. The Russian Revolutions of 1917 have a broad basis of comparison and contrast. Despite general assumptions that women are not as revolutionary as men, “it was women workers whose strike on International Women’s Day [(February 23)] had precipitated the February Revolution” (Fitzpatrick 47). The October revolution produced the communist dictatorship the USSR laboured under for another 70 years. First, the February Russian Revolution toppled the Russian monarchy and established a Provisional Government. Russian revolution definition, the uprising in Russia in March, 1917 (February Old Style), in which the Czarist government collapsed and a provisional government was established. New York: American Heritage Publishing Co., Inc., 1967. The mounting tension preceding the February revolution ultimately culminated in the breakout of demonstrations on the streets of Petrograd by those frustrated with food and fuel shortages, as well as those who lost employment as a result of factory closure. The role of Women might also be evaluated. This stands in contrast to the open fire taken on the crowds of February, and their equally violent retaliation. February was a revolution with a broad base of support. The Russian Revolution. Vladimir Ilyich Lenin, leader of the Bolsheviks, was living in exile when the … 1 See answer shibanidash3523 is waiting for your help. The other was a "women's brigade" which was made as a propoganda piece to embaress men into enlisting. This was simply because Russia was fighting in … Halliday, E. M. Russia in Revolution. Pipes, Richard. Russian Revolution study guide by moonlight25 includes 57 questions covering vocabulary, terms and more. Chegg home. February was a revolution with a broad base of support. February Revolution The February Revolution (known as such because of Russia’s use of the Julian calendar until February 1918) began on March 8, 1917 (February 23 on the Julian calendar). Mass demonstrations in the street against the Tsar, the economic harships and possible German conspiracies involving the Empress led to riots, riots which the soldiers of the Petrograd garrison refused to put down. Army troops and special force divisions were deployed in order to disperse the crowd, but after the first day, most decided to mutiny against the government and join the demonstrators, greatly increasing their numbers and force. The role of women in particular with regards to both the February and October Revolutions stands out so much that it deserves special attention outside of the general discussion. For convenience I will stick to dates on the Julian Calender. Far from the benignity one might expect from hearing the word liberal, the Provisional Government was born in blood, off the backs of a disgruntled working class it never could quite win over. Lenin's government, as promised, transferred "all power to the soviets" and made them supreme abiters of decision making (though of course he would claim a lot of power for himself under a "dictatorship of the proletariat"). The point where this notion contrasts is in the nature of their role. However, far from the bloody struggle one might expect when hearing the word "socialism", Lenin seized power without a fight. Who gained from this contradiction...just guess! Both resulted in political reform, but the means by which this was achieved as well as the time the overthrown governments had been established greatly differs. Learn more about the Russian Revolution … Lenin Returns From Exile. It is clear that women played a significant role in the February Revolution. This stealthy action stands in direct contrast to a particular instance in February where demonstrators avoided blocked bridges in the city by crossing the frozen Neva River in mass numbers out in the open. Fitzpatrick, Sheila. The provisional government also instituted a number of reforms in it's brief tenure including the abolition of capital punishment, reaffirmed freedom of speech and of the press. In the end the revolutions destroyed the Tsarist autocracy and led to the New York: Charles Scribner's Sons, 1981. In stark contrast to the out of proportion mass demonstrations of February is the October Revolution, which was carefully organized and conducted quietly under the cover of night with little notice. One major factor behind the February Revolution was the First World War which had been carrying on for several years. The October Revolution began in April when Vladimir Lenin drew together a Soviet party, the Bolsheviks, in order to overthrow the then currently established Provisional Government. Carr, Edward Hallett. But if it were arranged in points , it would have been easier to understand. The French Revolution took place between 1789 and 1799 AD. Despite this, Lenin was able to maintain the party by continuing contact from Finland with remaining clandestine Bolsheviks in Petrograd (Carr 4). This caused social breakdown and reduced faith in the government. A rumour that the government was planning to implement a ration policy on bread prompted many to flock to bakeries and greatly exhaust the supplies (Pipes 272-3). It's more accurate to say that the provisional government dropped power than to say Lenin seized it. They then invaded the Winter Palace, where several government ministers were resident. They opened the way for the many other frustrated citizens to make a difference in their lives, which was at its worst because of the ongoing war running parallel to the revolutions in Russia. It is not true that the theory of "permanent revolution," which Radek bashfully refrains from mentioning, was advanced in 1905 by Rosa Luxemburg and Trotsky. The demonstrations continued until the old order of government collapsed under the weight of the revolution. I am assuming your question is historical and refers to the different political parties participating in the Russian Revolution(s) and that by “class 9”, you mean high school. Add your answer and earn points. Quick note to start- because Russia still used the Julian calender, the "February" and "October" revolutions actually happened in March 1917 and November 1917 respectively. Answer to What are the differences between the February and the October revolutions, for the russian revolution? So trade unions grew in number. By 1917 the bond between… These riots erupted in Petrograd (now St. Petersburg) on two separate occasions; March 3rd, in what is known as the ‘February revolution’ and November 7th, in what we now called the ‘October revolution’. On the night of October 24, Lenin, who had formerly returned to Petrograd, and the Bolshevik party were ready to take over Petrograd, the capital of Russia, and claim it for their new government. The housekeeping staff forgot to lock a service entrance and the Reds walked right in. Bu… This feminist perspective offers insight into the often unrecognized contribution that women make in shaping history. They both, however, resulted in major governmental reform. Bolsheviks were supported by Soviet army and factory workers. The number of demonstrators mounted up to 300,000 in several days and there was much violence. The October Revolution was where the Provisional Government was removed and replaced by the first soviet government that was lead by Vladimir Lenin. Books. Alternately, in the revolution of October, it was women who were the primary final standing force against the revolutionaries, as other forces had abandoned their post alongside them.
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